Pietro Vannucci Academy of Fine Arts. It is a university for the study of visual arts balanced and legally recognized that is located in Perugia. Founded in 1573, with the name of Accademia del Disegno, it is the second oldest academy in Italy. It is in the name of the famous Umbrian painter Pietro Vannucci, better known as the Perugino. It owes its origin to a group of painters and architects led by the painter Orazio Alfani and the architect-mathematician Raffaello Sozi who wanted to emulate the institution founded in Florence by Cosimo I de’ Medici. The great modernization of the institute was carried out around 1820 by Tommaso Minardi, a student of Antonio Canova, director and teacher of painting who reorganized from the educational and administrative point of view the Academy of Drawing neoclassically renamed Academy of Fine Arts, giving it the character of an institution of public education and flanking it a museum containing examples of ancient and modern art and a rich library, as well as establishing scholarships to give deserving young people the opportunity to perfect their studies also in other Italian cities, especially in Rome. In the nineteenth century the Academy is a guide and example to the arts not only of Umbria and sees operating within it notable protagonists in the historical-artistic and architectural field, such as Baldassarre Orsini, Carlo Labruzzi, Guglielmo Calderini, Silvestro Valeri. After several trips (first in the Alessian Oratory of Sant’Angelo della Pace in Porta Sole and then in the former Vanvitellian Convent of Montemorcino Nuovo) the institute found its definitive headquarters at the beginning of the twentieth century, in the former Convent of San Francesco al Prato where it houses the library (comprising almost 17,000 bibliographic units). At the beginning of the new century, now firmly organized, the Academy not only maintains its function by counting authoritative masters such as Pietro Angelini, Gerardo Dottori, Arturo Checchi, but also inaugurates a special school: the School of Industrial Art institutionally distinguished although annexed to the structure that, in 1923, will give rise to the Institute of Art ‘Bernardino di Betto’, stationed in 1928. The Perugian Academy obtained the equalization to the state academies only in 1940 with royal decree of 25 June n.1086.